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Bartsch, Sabine. 2004. Structural and functional properties of collocations in English. A corpus study of lexical and pragmatic constraints on lexical co-occurrence. Tübingen: Verlag Gunter Narr.


Part of the proficient language user's linguistic knowledge is an intuitive awareness that many, if not most, words in his language display a marked tendency of occurring in more or less fixed and recurrent word combinations, so-called collocations. The frequency of collocations in authentic language samples suggests that linguistic organisation relies heavily on lexical co-selection, yet little in known about the nature and distribution of collocations.
This book investigates structural and functional properties of collocations involving verbs of verbal communication, adjectival past participles and desubstantival adjectives. The study is based on a structural and statistical analysis of these collocations in the British National Corpus. It shows that constraints on collocational structures are not merely of a lexical and syntactic nature, but that semantic-pragmatic constraints also play a role in lexical co-selection. Results of the study suggest, furthermore, that collocations serve the function of carriers of culturally determined meaning.


Bartsch, Sabine, Gius, Evelyn, Müller, Marcus, Rapp, Andrea, Weitin, Thomas. submitted. “Sinn und Segment. Wie die digitale Analysepraxis unsere Begriffe schärft”, Beitrag zum Symposion “Digitalität in den Geisteswissenschaften - Binnenkonflikte”, erscheint in: Zeitschrift für digitale Geisteswissenschaften (ZfdG). URL:

Adler, Marc; Bartsch, Sabine et al. 2020. Digitale Philologie: Das Darmstädter Modell. In: Bartsch, Sabine and Gius, Evelyn and Müller, Marcus and Rapp, Andrea and Weitin, Thomas (eds.) 2020. Digital Philology | Working Papers in Digital Philology, 1, Darmstadt, DOI: 10.25534/tuprints-00012476.

Evert, Stefan; Uhrig, Peter; Bartsch, Sabine; Proisl, Thomas. 2017. E-VIEW-alation – a large-scale evaluation study of association measures for collocation identification. In Electronic lexicography in the 21st century. Proceedings of the eLex 2017 conference, Leiden, The Netherlands. PDF, slides, video, E-VIEW-alation interactive viewer

Henrich, Andreas, Hohmann, Georg, Bartsch, Sabine, Kuroczyński, Piotr. 2017. “Workshop 15: Modellierung4DH − Modellierungsfragen in den Digitalen Geisteswissenschaften”, in: Eibl, Maximilian, Gaedke, Martin. Hrsg. 2017. INFORMATIK 2017. 25.–29. September 2017 Chemnitz, Deutschland. Lecture Notes in Informatics (LNI) - Proceedings Series of the Gesellschaft für Informatik (GI). Volume P-275. pp. 1097 - 1220. URL

Bartsch, Sabine. 2017. “Review. Nicholas Groom, Maggie Charles and Suganthi John (eds.). Corpora, grammar and discourse. In honour of Susan Hunston (Studies in Corpus Linguistics 73).” ICAME Journal. 41(1): 235-239. Retrieved 11 Oct. 2017, from doi:

Beißwenger, Michael; Bartsch, Sabine; Evert, Stefan; Würzner, Kay-Michael. 2016. EmpiriST 2015: A shared task on the automatic linguistic annotation of computer-mediated communication and web corpora. In: Proceedings of the 10th Web as Corpus Workshop (WAC-X) (Endorsed by the Special Interest Group of the ACL on Web as Corpus (SIGWAC)) and the EmpiriST Shared Task, pages 78-90, workshop co-located with ACL, 12-08-2016, Berlin, Germany. [URL]

Rapp, Andrea, Bartsch, Sabine & Borek, Luise. 2016. Aus der Mitte der Fächer, in die Mitte der Fächer: Studiengänge und Curricula – Digital Humanities in der universitären Lehre. BIBLIOTHEK – Forschung und Praxis 2016; 40(2): 1–7. De Gruyter. [URL]

Bartsch, Sabine, Evert, Stefan. 2014. “Towards a Firthian notion of collocation”, in: Abel, A., Lemnitzer, L. Hrsg. / eds. 2012: Vernetzungsstrategien, Zugriffsstrukturen und automatisch ermittelte Angaben in Internetwörterbüchern. 2. Arbeitsbericht des wissenschaftlichen Netzwerks “Internetlexikografie”/ Network Strategies, Access Structures and Automatic Extraction of Lexicographical Information. 2nd Work Report of the Academic Network “Internet Lexicography”. Mannheim: Institut für Deutsche Sprache. (OPAL - Online publizierte Arbeiten zur Linguistik 2/2014). URL

Bartsch, Sabine und Evert, Stefan. 2013. „Exploring the Firthian Notion of Collocation”, Extended Abstract im Abstract Book of Corpus Linguistics 2013, 22 – 26 Juli 2013, Lancaster, UK. 31-33. pdf

Bartsch, Sabine. 2013. „ a web for learning and teaching corpus linguistic tools and methods“, poster presentation at Corpus Linguistics 2013, 22 - 26 Juli 2013, Lancaster, UK. URL: 318-319. pdf

Eckart de Castilho, Richard, Bartsch, Sabine & Gurevych, Iryna . 2012. “CSNIPER Annotation-by-query for non-canonical constructions in large corpora.” In: Proceedings of the 50th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 85–90, Jeju, Republic of Korea, 8-14 July 2012.

(forthcoming). “Collocation in Historical English Science Writing”. In: Exploring Formulaic Knowledge through Languages, Cultures, and Time. Hrsg. Filatkina, N., C. Moulin & M. Sol Ortola. Presses Universitaires de Nancy: Nancy.

Bartsch, Sabine. 2009. “Patterns of verb colligation and collocation in scientific discourse”. Proceedings of Corpus Linguistics 2009.

Bartsch, Sabine. 2009. “Corpus-Studies of Register Variation: An Exploration of Academic Registers.” In: Focus On: Corpus Linguistics. Sonderheft der Anglistik. International Journal of English Studies. [late DRAFT]

Schwarz, Lara, Bartsch, Sabine, Eckart, Richard & Teich, Elke. 2008. “Theme Annotator: A rule-based approach to automatic Theme-Rheme identification”, Proceedings of the 9th Conference on Natural Language Processing (KONVENS 2008). Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter.

Bartsch, Sabine. 2005. “Corpus-based register profiling of texts from mechanical engineering.” In: The Corpus Linguistics Conference Series. Vol. 1, no. 1 Corpus Linguistics 2005. eds. Pernilla Danielsson and Martijn Wagenmakers. URL: ISSN. 1747-9398. URL:

Teich, Elke, Peter Fankhauser, Richard Eckart, Sabine Bartsch, Monica Holtz. 2005. “Representing SFL-annotated corpus resources.” Proceedings of the 1st Computational Systemic Functional Grammar Conference, Sydney 07.2005. Sydney.

Bartsch, Sabine. 2004. “Annotating a corpus for building a domain-specific knowledge base.” In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC). ELRA: Lisboa, Portugal.

Bartsch, Sabine. 2003. “Investigating cross-linguistic constraints on the premodification of adjectival past participles and desubstantival adjectives. A corpus-based study of English and German.” UCREL Technical Paper 16. eds. Dawn Archer, Tony McEnery, Paul Rayson.

Bartsch, Sabine & Leslie Siegrist. 2002. “Anglizismen in Fachsprachen des Deutschen. Eine Untersuchung auf Basis des Darmstädter Corpus Deutscher Fachsprachen.“ Muttersprache 4 / 2002.

Siegrist, Leslie & Sabine Bartsch. 1999. „Texplorer. Generierung computerunterstützter Lehr- und Lernmaterialien für den fachfremdsprachlichen Deutschunterricht. Ein deutsch-taiwanesisches Projekt für den fachsprachlichen computerunterstützten Fremdsprachenunterricht.“ DAAD Conference, Taipei, 2000.

Siegrist, Leslie & Sabine Bartsch. Manuscript. Introduction to linguistics. Kursbuch für den Grundkurs Linguistik an der TU Darmstadt.

Other publications

Beißwenger, Michael; Bartsch, Sabine; Evert, Stefan; Würzner, Kay-Michael. 2015. Richtlinie für die manuelle Tokenisierung von Sprachdaten aus Genres internetbasierter Kommunikation. Guideline document from the Empirikom shared task on automatic linguistic annotation of internet-based communication (EmpiriST 2015). (29 pages). [Opens external link in new windowpdf]

Bartsch, Sabine; Evert, Stefan; Proisl, Thomas; Uhrig, Peter. 2015b. (Association) measure for measure. Presentation at ICAME 36, Trier, Germany.

Michael Beißwenger, Sabine Bartsch, Stefan Evert, and Kay-Michael Würzner. 2013a. Preparing a shared task on linguistic annotation of computer-mediated communication. Talk and poster presentation at the International Conference of the GSCL. [pdf]


Bartsch, Sabine. 2017. “Review. Nicholas Groom, Maggie Charles and Suganthi John (eds.). Corpora, grammar and discourse. In honour of Susan Hunston (Studies in Corpus Linguistics 73).” ICAME Journal Volume 41, Issue 1 (Mar 2017). p. 235ff. [pdf]

Unpublished manuscripts

Siegrist, Leslie Leroy & Bartsch, Sabine. (unpubliziertes Manuskript). Introduction to linguistics. Kursbuch für die Grundvorlesung „Introduction to Linguistics“ an der Technischen Universität Darmstadt.

Bartsch, Sabine. 1995. “Lexicographical treatment of English word-formation”. Magister Artium Thesis. Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz. (unpubliziertes Manuskript).

Poster presentations

Bartsch, Sabine. 2013. „ a web for learning and teaching corpus linguistic tools and methods“, Poster bei Corpus Linguistics 2013, 22 - 26 Juli 2013, Lancaster, UK. Abstract Book of Corpus Linguistics 2013. URL: 318-319.

Bartsch, Sabine & Teich, Elke. 2011. “Register profiling of scientific texts: Experiences in linguistic description and corpus-based methods”, Posterpräsentation im Rahmen der ICAME 32, 1. – 5. Juni 2011, Oslo, Norwegen.

Bartsch, Sabine et al. 2009. “ Building and Processing a Corpus of Political Speeches. A student project.“ Poster im Rahmen eines Workshops zum Thema: Processing Pipelines im Rahmen der Jahrestagung der GSCL (Gesellschaft für Sprachtechnologie und Computerlinguistik). Universität Potsdam, 29. Sept. – 2. Okt. 2009. Projekt mit Studierenden.

Project reports

Teich, Elke, Bartsch, Sabine, Holtz, Mônica, Eckart, Richard. 2005. PACE-Bericht LingLit II. URL:

Teich, Elke, Bartsch, Sabine, Holtz, Mônica, Eckart, Richard. 2005. PACE-Bericht LingLit I. URL:

Abstracts and reports

2009. “Corpus, Colligation, Register Variation.” Workshop Rahmen der Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Sprachwissenschaft (DGfS) 2009: Form und Function. 3 - 6 March 2009. Book of Abstracts.

2007. “Intersemiotic relations in multimodal text”, Corpus Linguistics 2007, 26.-30.07.2007, Birmingham, UK. Corpus Linguistics Conference Series.

2005. “Corpus-based analysis of multi-modal texts in an engineering domain.” International Systemic Functional Conference 2005, Sydney, Australia.

2005. Bartsch, Sabine, Monica Holtz, Elke Teich. “Corpus-based register profiling: The case of mechanical engineering texts.” AAACL/ICAME 2005.

12.2005. Teich, Bartsch, Holtz, Eckart, Gupta. Abschlussbericht PACE-Ling. Teilprojekt PACE – Virtuelle Produktentstehung; Projektcluster 1: Collaborative Engineering. Technische Universität Darmstadt.

03.2005. Teich, Bartsch, Holtz, Eckart, Gupta. PACE Zwischenbericht: Projektbericht PACE (PACE-Ling); Berichtszeitraum: 1. Juli 2004 – 31. März 2005. Technische Universität Darmstadt.